10 centuries of classical music Composers (Europe)

 

Paganini or Palestrina? Bach or Vivaldi? It is difficult for inquiring minds to tackle such abundant fields as classical music and opera, covering 10 centuries of history: there are thousands of composers. Making a selection of musicians, such as a “top 10” for example, is a difficult and subjective exercise. A musical selection is often the expression of personal preferences or artistic opinions, very interesting but also very different according to critics or musicologists, or simply influenced by the context: will an English composer not be instinctively privileged by an English critic?

For example: in France, Charles Gounod, a 19th century French composer, is more easily mentioned than the Norwegian Edvard Grieg, who is more recognized in the world.

Timeline of classical music composers in Europe

Whoever wants to discover classical music or opera does not always have an experienced music lover, an expert or an educator at his or her side to support and guide him or her in these fields. So : Paganini (Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer) or Palestrina (Italian Renaissance composer) ? Schubert (Austrian composer) or Puccini (Italian opera composer (1858-1924)) ? However, the knowledge available about musicians is enormous. It was processed to select the 10, 25, 50... most popular composers around the world, for those living or having lived en Europe, . And this objectively, and for the first time (soClassiQ exclusivity).

Composers rendered as a timeline to bring a little perspective:

ComposersConductorsLyrical singersPerformers WorldwideEuropeNorth AmericaSouth AmericaAsiaOceaniaAfrica 2021

This timeline is interactive to navigate through the ages (from 1400), or eras : medieval music, renaissance, baroque music (Bach...), classical period (Mozart...), romantic music (Beethoven...), XXth (Stravinsky), or across continents (with ).

Top 10 classical musiccomposers in Europe

Who are these greatest composers, the most famous in Europe? The works of these musician have shaped the history of classical music and lyric art. There are those you probably know, or at least by name and the others.

Here are these 10 classical music composers, renowned artists from around the world:


Curious to know their most emblematic works? Just a click away to discover them.

The selections of musicians (classical music composers) proposed by soClassiQ are based exclusively on algorithms. The same applies to their works, the performers, the lyrical singers, les orchestras, the conductors and the venues : opera houses, concert halls or festivals.

What about the others? 25, 50 or more?

Summarizing to 10 musician names such a wide and diverse field may seem extreme or too simplistic for those who know classical music and lyrical art well, for those who can easily name 50 or more classical music composers. Rossini, Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Handel, Bizet, Sibelius, Liszt...

At this time, soClassiQ has listed more than 18000 composers. So here is a selection of some composers, in Europe, widely recognized around the world:

B

Wilhelm Friedemann <strong>Bach</strong> Wilhelm Friedemann Bach10 centuries of classical music
1710-1784 (Classical)
Performer & Composer

Johann Christian <strong>Bach</strong> Johann Christian Bach10 centuries of classical music
1735-1782 (Classical)
Performer & Composer

Carl Philipp Emanuel <strong>Bach</strong> Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach10 centuries of classical music
1714-1788 (Classical)
Performer & Composer

Johann Sebastian <strong>Bach</strong> Johann Sebastian Bach10 centuries of classical music
1685-1750 (Baroque)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Mily <strong>Balakirev</strong> Mily Balakirev10 centuries of classical music
1837-1910 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Béla <strong>Bartók</strong> Béla Bartók10 centuries of classical music
1881-1945 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Ludwig van <strong>Beethoven</strong> Ludwig van Beethoven10 centuries of classical music
1770-1827 (Classical)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Vincenzo <strong>Bellini</strong> Vincenzo Bellini10 centuries of classical music
1801-1835 (Romantic)
Composer

Alban <strong>Berg</strong> Alban Berg10 centuries of classical music
1885-1935 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Hector <strong>Berlioz</strong> Hector Berlioz10 centuries of classical music
1803-1869 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Heinrich <strong>Biber</strong> Heinrich Biber10 centuries of classical music
1644-1704 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Hildegard of <strong>Bingen</strong> Hildegard of Bingen10 centuries of classical music
1098-1179 (Medieval)
Composer

Complete works

Georges <strong>Bizet</strong> Georges Bizet10 centuries of classical music
1838-1875 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Luigi <strong>Boccherini</strong> Luigi Boccherini10 centuries of classical music
1743-1805 (Classical)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Complete works

Andrea <strong>Bocelli</strong> Andrea Bocelli10 centuries of classical music
age 62 (20th century)
Lyrical singer, Performer & Composer

Alexander <strong>Borodin</strong> Alexander Borodin10 centuries of classical music
1833-1887 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Lili <strong>Boulanger</strong> Lili Boulanger10 centuries of classical music
1893-1918 (20th century)
Composer

Nadia <strong>Boulanger</strong> Nadia Boulanger10 centuries of classical music
1887-1979 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Pierre <strong>Boulez</strong> Pierre Boulez10 centuries of classical music
1925-2016 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Johannes <strong>Brahms</strong> Johannes Brahms10 centuries of classical music
1833-1897 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Benjamin <strong>Britten</strong> Benjamin Britten10 centuries of classical music
1913-1976 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Max <strong>Bruch</strong> Max Bruch10 centuries of classical music
1838-1920 (Romantic)
Conductor & Composer

Anton <strong>Bruckner</strong> Anton Bruckner10 centuries of classical music
1824-1896 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Hans von <strong>Bülow</strong> Hans von Bülow10 centuries of classical music
1830-1894 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Dietrich <strong>Buxtehude</strong> Dietrich Buxtehude10 centuries of classical music
1637-1707 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

William <strong>Byrd</strong> William Byrd10 centuries of classical music
1543-1623 (Renaissance)
Performer & Composer

Complete works


M

Yo-Yo <strong>Ma</strong> Yo-Yo Ma10 centuries of classical music
age 64 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

Gustav <strong>Mahler</strong> Gustav Mahler10 centuries of classical music
1860-1911 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Marin <strong>Marais</strong> Marin Marais10 centuries of classical music
1656-1728 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Neville <strong>Marriner</strong> Neville Marriner10 centuries of classical music
1924-2016 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Bohuslav <strong>Martinů</strong> Bohuslav Martinů10 centuries of classical music
1890-1959 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

Pietro <strong>Mascagni</strong> Pietro Mascagni10 centuries of classical music
1863-1945 (20th century)
Conductor & Composer

Jules <strong>Massenet</strong> Jules Massenet10 centuries of classical music
1842-1912 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

Fanny <strong>Mendelssohn</strong> Fanny Mendelssohn10 centuries of classical music
1805-1847 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

Felix <strong>Mendelssohn</strong> Felix Mendelssohn10 centuries of classical music
1809-1847 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Olivier <strong>Messiaen</strong> Olivier Messiaen10 centuries of classical music
1908-1992 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Stanisław <strong>Moniuszko</strong> Stanisław Moniuszko10 centuries of classical music
1819-1872 (Romantic)
Conductor & Composer

Claudio <strong>Monteverdi</strong> Claudio Monteverdi10 centuries of classical music
1567-1643 (Renaissance)
Lyrical singer, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Ennio <strong>Morricone</strong> Ennio Morricone10 centuries of classical music
1928-2020 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Anna <strong>Mozart</strong> Anna Mozart10 centuries of classical music
1751-1829 (Classical)
Performer & Composer

Leopold <strong>Mozart</strong> Leopold Mozart10 centuries of classical music
1719-1787 (Classical)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Wolfgang Amadeus <strong>Mozart</strong> Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart10 centuries of classical music
1756-1791 (Classical)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Modest Petrovich <strong>Mussorgsky</strong> Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky10 centuries of classical music
1839-1881 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works


N

Carl <strong>Nielsen</strong> Carl Nielsen10 centuries of classical music
1865-1931 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer


P

Johann <strong>Pachelbel</strong> Johann Pachelbel10 centuries of classical music
1653-1706 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Complete works

Niccolò <strong>Paganini</strong> Niccolò Paganini10 centuries of classical music
1782-1840 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Giovanni <strong>Paisiello</strong> Giovanni Paisiello10 centuries of classical music
1740-1816 (Classical)
Composer

Giovanni da <strong>Palestrina</strong> Giovanni da Palestrina10 centuries of classical music
1525c-1594 (Renaissance)
Conductor, Lyrical singer, Performer & Composer

Complete works

Arvo <strong>Pärt</strong> Arvo Pärt10 centuries of classical music
age 85 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

Krzysztof <strong>Penderecki</strong> Krzysztof Penderecki10 centuries of classical music
1933-2020 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Giovanni Battista <strong>Pergolesi</strong> Giovanni Battista Pergolesi10 centuries of classical music
1710-1736 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Jacopo <strong>Peri</strong> Jacopo Peri10 centuries of classical music
1561-1633 (Renaissance)
Lyrical singer, Performer & Composer

<strong>Pérotin</strong> Pérotin10 centuries of classical music
1160-1230 (Medieval)
Composer

Complete works

Amilcare <strong>Ponchielli</strong> Amilcare Ponchielli10 centuries of classical music
1834-1886 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Francis <strong>Poulenc</strong> Francis Poulenc10 centuries of classical music
1899-1963 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Josquin des <strong>Prez</strong> Josquin des Prez10 centuries of classical music
1450-1521 (Renaissance)
Composer

Complete works

Sergei <strong>Prokofiev</strong> Sergei Prokofiev10 centuries of classical music
1891-1953 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Giacomo <strong>Puccini</strong> Giacomo Puccini10 centuries of classical music
1858-1924 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Henry <strong>Purcell</strong> Henry Purcell10 centuries of classical music
1659-1695 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works


S

Camille <strong>Saint-Saëns</strong> Camille Saint-Saëns10 centuries of classical music
1835-1921 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Antonio <strong>Salieri</strong> Antonio Salieri10 centuries of classical music
1750-1825 (Classical)
Conductor & Composer

Pablo de <strong>Sarasate</strong> Pablo de Sarasate10 centuries of classical music
1844-1908 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Erik <strong>Satie</strong> Erik Satie10 centuries of classical music
1866-1925 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Alessandro <strong>Scarlatti</strong> Alessandro Scarlatti10 centuries of classical music
1660-1725 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Domenico <strong>Scarlatti</strong> Domenico Scarlatti10 centuries of classical music
1685-1757 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Complete works

Arnold <strong>Schoenberg</strong> Arnold Schoenberg10 centuries of classical music
1874-1951 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Franz <strong>Schubert</strong> Franz Schubert10 centuries of classical music
1797-1828 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Clara <strong>Schumann</strong> Clara Schumann10 centuries of classical music
1819-1896 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

Robert <strong>Schumann</strong> Robert Schumann10 centuries of classical music
1810-1856 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Heinrich <strong>Schütz</strong> Heinrich Schütz10 centuries of classical music
1585-1672 (Baroque)
Performer & Composer

Complete works

Alexander <strong>Scriabin</strong> Alexander Scriabin10 centuries of classical music
1872-1915 (Romantic)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Dmitri <strong>Shostakovich</strong> Dmitri Shostakovich10 centuries of classical music
1906-1975 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Jean <strong>Sibelius</strong> Jean Sibelius10 centuries of classical music
1865-1957 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Bedřich <strong>Smetana</strong> Bedřich Smetana10 centuries of classical music
1824-1884 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Georg <strong>Solti</strong> Georg Solti10 centuries of classical music
1912-1997 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Louis <strong>Spohr</strong> Louis Spohr10 centuries of classical music
1784-1859 (Romantic)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

Karlheinz <strong>Stockhausen</strong> Karlheinz Stockhausen10 centuries of classical music
1925-2007 (20th century)
Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Leopold <strong>Stokowski</strong> Leopold Stokowski10 centuries of classical music
1882-1977 (20th century)
Conductor & Composer

Richard <strong>Strauss</strong> Richard Strauss10 centuries of classical music
1864-1949 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Igor <strong>Stravinsky</strong> Igor Stravinsky10 centuries of classical music
1882-1971 (20th century)
Conductor, Performer & Composer

MasterpiecesComplete works

Franz von <strong>Suppè</strong> Franz von Suppè10 centuries of classical music
1819-1895 (Romantic)
Conductor & Composer

Karol <strong>Szymanowski</strong> Karol Szymanowski10 centuries of classical music
1882-1937 (20th century)
Performer & Composer


Some composers to be celebrated very soon

Next month, more than 40 important artists and musicians will be honoured. In November 2020 some of them may celebrate a special anniversary. For others, amateurs and enthusiasts will celebrate the bicentenary of their birth or the fiftieth anniversary of their death for example. Among them, some famous composers:

on 8, César Franck (1822-1890), 130th anniversary (Death),
on 12, Henryk Gorecki (1933-2010), 10th anniversary (Death),
on 14, Aaron Copland (1900-1990), 120th anniversary (Birth),
on 18, Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860-1941), 160th anniversary (Birth),
on 22, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710-1784), 310th anniversary (Birth),
...

There are others to discover. And it is not too late to focus on the October 2020 celebrations (30+).

Always good opportunities to discover or deepen, (re)listen, explore the vastness and diversity of classical music...

See also...

Timelines : Composers

Indexes

Other timelines

Commemorations 2020, 2021, ...

Last update : 2020-10-01

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